What are some characteristics of orientalism? | Yahoo Answers
Email：[email protected] *Received 14 This definition carries thr ee presuppositions: that Orientalism is the field. of the study, that. orientalist: a person (especially a scholar) interested in the orient. First of all, u have to remember that people will have their own stirim.info u need to be able to communicate w/ ur date, as well as Trust him.
Admit- of American institutions during the nineteenth tedly, this has led to a rich cross-fertilization of and early twentieth centuries.
For Islamic the qasr. Divorced of this more nuanced and archaeology, this situation has had the conse- informed archaeological evidence, the standing quence of limiting the application of theoretical structures seem isolated and unexplained.
A more frameworks and field methodologies developed recent study has begun to analyze more convinc- within archaeological practices elsewhere. Islamic archaeology was, in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
Said disciplines have expressed difficulty in accepting asserted that the motivations behind this study, his view Halliday ; Irwin The product of this self complained. Said did not engage directly process has been, for its creators, not only an with archaeology in his writings.
In short, Said representations, particularly when the culture is argued that an Orient had been created which not that of those doing the representing. Islam has been depicted too strongly as a divisive The studies which have resulted from this influence in the course of history.
But crucially, scholarly enquiry Pirenne, the Roman Empire continued largely and the cultural media which derived from such unchanged in the eastern Mediterranean, and so work were, consciously or otherwise, products of the unity of the Mediterranean Sea in cultural and a colonial process and were bound up within its economic terms remained largely intact: These trade routes which had enabled olive oil to flow depictions had a strong influence over European into Mediterranean markets.
According to and American imaginings of North Africa, the Tchalenko, this process impoverished the or Middle East, and Central Asia. Furthermore, as so villages of the Limestone Massif and began is described above, the exploratory work of a process of decline and abandonment.
This view archaeologists on the ground also played an can be seen as the continuation of a much older active role in carrying out colonial policy.
Orientalism: Islamic archaeology and its colonial context | Daniel Hull - stirim.info
In fact, the arrival of Comp. This site has since been more convinc- have since been shown to have occurred more ingly identified as Umayyad in date, feeding as gradually and in subtle and different ways it does a sophisticated mill and irrigation system throughout the Middle East and the Mediterra- at Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi some 17 km away nean for the Limestone Massif, see Sodini et al.
Hugh Kennedy wrote an read in a relatively simple manner wherever it is influential piece in which sought to capture encountered. Muslim society has been assumed the essence of changes from Byzantine to early by some to be distinct, self-contained, and Islamic society in the Middle East. There is almost an inference here of remained in place thereafter: Such Carver ; von Grunebaum This may not explicitly have been the justify such a claim, simply on the grounds of intention of authors in all cases, but the insinua- its solidity and sophistication Schlumberger tion was certainly present.
More recently, the Comp. Islamic Archaeology and Its Colonial Context 7 O conduct of more sophisticated urban archaeolog- Over the last 30 years, there has been a gradual ical projects with greatly improved chronologies evolution in the relationship between Islamic have led many to react against the model of archaeology and the European and American Classical streets becoming clogged and neglected writers who are still, largely, its creators.
The macro-social model of Future Directions a widespread and sudden impact from the s, conceived in the later nineteenth century and It has taken some time for this context of thought continued by influential scholars like Pirenne, to change.
The period following World War II was has been contradicted by the collection of data one of significant self-definition for newly formed of a higher quality deriving from research nation states in the Middle East, many of which agendas conceived within more reflexive established new national museums and antiquities intellectual frameworks.Yahoo Answers Cringe: Vol. 1
Thus, there has been a diversification inantly though no longer exclusively practiced of interest to Indonesia, sub-Saharan Africa, by scholars from elsewhere there are exceptions, India, and indeed Western Europe. Until the s, the But it is clear that the relationship between research agenda employed for Islamic archaeol- western academia and Islamic archaeology has ogy remained those defined prior to World War II: We must con- essentially art-historical, set by western Oriental- tinue to be wary of the academic exclusion of the ists, and continuing to define Islam as a decisive Muslim voice; secondly, there continues to be break with the past and a divisive influence on the a complex and largely unequal political relation- Mediterranean and wider region.
Ancient architecture in Syria. The World at — roles in the east and south Mediterranean, fifth to tenth centuries AD, in N. An essay on the ancient topography of Jerusalem. Qasr al-Hayr al-Sharqi Syria. Some thoughts on Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi, its dam, its monastery and the Ghassanids. Wind-towers and pearl fishing: Revising and revisioning the history Museums of of archaeology: The past as passion and play: Their political and economic systems were generally thought to be feudal "oriental despotisms" and their alleged cultural inertia was considered to be resistant to progress.
Many critical theorists regard this form of Orientalism as part of a larger, ideological colonialism justified by the concept of the "white man's burden".
Initial structure built Similar ambivalence is evident in art and literature. From the Renaissance to the 18th century Western designers attempted to imitate the technical sophistication of Chinese ceramics with only partial success.
Chinoiserie is the catch-all term for the fashion for Chinese themes in decoration in Western Europe, beginning in the late 17th century and peaking in waves, especially Rococo Chinoiserie, ca Early hints of Chinoiserie appear, in the 17th century, in the nations with active East India companies: Pleasure pavilions in "Chinese taste" appeared in the formal parterres of late Baroque and Rococo German palaces, and in tile panels at Aranjuez near Madrid.
Thomas Chippendale's mahogany tea tables and china cabinets, especially, were embellished with fretwork glazing and railings, ca - 70, but sober homages to early Xing scholars' furnishings were also naturalized, as the tang evolved into a mid- Georgian side table and squared slat-back armchairs suited English gentlemen as well as Chinese scholars. Not every adaptation of Chinese design principles falls within mainstream "chinoiserie.
Small pagodas appeared on chimneypieces and full-sized ones in gardens.
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Kew has a magnificent garden pagoda designed by Sir William Chambers. AfterJaponaiserie, sparked by the arrival of Japanese woodblock prints, became an important influence in the western arts in particular on many modern French artists such as Monet.
The paintings of James McNeill Whistler and his "Peacock Room" are some of the finest works of the genre; other examples include the Gamble House and other buildings by California architects Greene and Greene. But it was not until the 19th century that "Orientalism" in the arts became an established theme.
In these works the myth of the Orient as exotic and corrupt is most fully articulated. Such works typically concentrated on Near-Eastern Islamic cultures. If his painting had simply been retitled "In a Paris Brothel," it would have been far less acceptable. Sensuality was seen as acceptable in the exotic Orient.
What are some characteristics of orientalism?
This orientalizing imagery persisted in art into the early 20th century, as evidenced in Matisse's orientalist nudes. In these works the "Orient" often functions as a mirror to Western culture itself, or as a way of expressing its hidden or illicit aspects. Its culture is portrayed as morally corrupting and suffused with dangerously alluring eroticism. This novel proved hugely influential on later portrayals of ancient Semitic cultures.
The emergence of orientalism has a particular historical context, that is, the global ascendancy of the West, with the development of capitalism.
What is wrong with Orientalism? First, it misrepresents the social-cultural reality of both the East and the West in an attempt to present the latter as rational, forward looking, humane, and civilised, the characteristics typically absent in the latter, resulting in two types of society: By presenting the progress of the West as a natural consequence of the intrinsic virtues of Western culture, it distorts the historical reality of Western modernity that is far from idyllic.
It ignores the real history of the progress of the West in which the histories of the East and the West are intricately intertwined. Historically, the development of capitalism was premised on colonialism.
Colonialism was a coercive process. In the realisation of this project of Western domination, Orientalism serves an important ideological function.