Deadly dengue is back! Here's what is different this year - Times of India
Doctors warn of dengue-like fever spreading in State The Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute (BMCRI) has also been. Chord Road, Rajaji Nagar 1st 'R' Block, Bangalore, , India Impact of chikungunya fever on socioeconomic status has also been with arthralgia resembling present day chikungunya fever dating as far back as from India [ 7]. . Chikungunya and dengue infections can overlap in clinical. Free Mobile App · Jobs · Financial Solutions · Rewards · Events · Dating · Offers · Shop Two friends who have recently visited an area near Bangalore in South Dengue fever is a tropical virus infection spread by mosquitoes that bite The fifth edition of his book Travellers' Health: How to Stay Healthy.
Abstract Chikungunya is a self-limited, systemic viral infection that has been a major health problem since the past few years.
Ocular manifestations of the disease have become more prevalent in the recent years. Currently, there is neither a specific treatment nor vaccine available for chikungunya fever.
This review highlights the current understanding on the pathogenesis, systemic changes with an emphasis on ocular findings, laboratory investigations, and prevention and treatment of this disease. Chikungunya fever, Chikungunya virus, Chikungunya retinitis, Optic neuritis, Anterior uveitis, Real-time polymerase chain reaction Review Chikungunya fever is an arthropod-borne viral arbovirus disease [ 1 - 3 ] that has become a disease of global concern following its recent resurgence.
Sincechikungunya fever has emerged as an important infection even in non-endemic areas where travelers returning from endemic areas have become transmitters of this disease [ 45 ]. Impact of chikungunya fever on socioeconomic status has also been tremendous especially in countries like India [ 16 ].
There have been several accounts of epidemics of fever with arthralgia resembling present day chikungunya fever dating as far back as from India [ 7 ]. However, the first official description of chikungunya was made in following an outbreak on the Makonde Plateau, along the border between Tanganyika and Mozambique [ 89 ]. Epidemiology Global scenario Following the report from Tanganyika in [ 89 ], chikungunya epidemics have been reported from several parts of the world including Africa, Asia, and elsewhere.
Chikungunya fever has also been documented in France, Italy, Australia, and the USA where international travelers have facilitated the introduction of the virus from endemic areas [ 11415 ].
Chikungunya fever re-emerged in India after nearly 32 years in October [ 1512 ].
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The epidemic was confirmed by an investigation carried out in several districts of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Maharastra by the National Institute of Virology [ 16 ]. Natural history of chikungunya fever Chikungunya fever is characterized by explosive outbreaks of epidemics followed by periods of disappearance sometimes lasting up to several decades. This behavior has been attributed to several reasons including the susceptibility of humans and the mosquito vectors of the virus- conditions facilitating mosquito breeding result in high vector density and ability of the vector to efficiently transmit the virus [ 145 ].
Transmission of the virus The natural cycle of the virus is human-mosquito-human. There is, however, evidence of the existence of epizootic cycles that may retain the virus during the interepidemic period [ 14517 ]. During epidemics, human beings serve as the Chikungunya virus reservoirs; during interepidemic periods, several vertebrates, such as monkeys, rodents, and birds, have been implied as the reservoir.
Vertical maternal-fetal transmission has been documented in pregnant women affected by chikungunya fever [ 18 ]. Chikungunya virus infects the human cornea and can be transmitted via the corneal grafts [ 19 ].
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Dengue-like viral fever on the rise in the city
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Chikungunya and the eye: a review
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