List of amendments to the United States Constitution - Wikipedia
The Nineteenth Amendment (Amendment XIX) to the United States Constitution prohibits the .. Yes the 19th Amendment Struck down that restrictive rule." On August 26, , a monument commemorating Tennessee's role in providing the required 36th. Introduction; Amendments ; Amendments ; Amendments . as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the Amendment The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not. AMENDMENT XI Passed by Congress March 4, Ratified June 15, . of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.
Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the Executive and Judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.
15th Amendment - HISTORY
No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof.
But Congress may by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned.
But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.
Amendment 15 Black suffrage Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. Amendment 16 Income taxes The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.
Amendment 17 Senatorial elections The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote.
The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislature. When vacancies happen in the representation of any State in the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies: Provided, That the legislature of any State may empower the executive thereof to make temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct.
This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as part of the Constitution. Amendment 18 Prohibition of liquor Section 1.
After one year from the ratification of this article, the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited. The Congress and the several States shall have concurrent power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.
Repealed by the Twenty-First, December 5, Amendment 19 Women's suffrage The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any States on account of sex. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. Amendment 20 Terms of office Section 1. The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at noon the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3d day of January, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin.
The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3d day of January, unless they shall by law appoint a different day. Through the activism of suffrage organizations and independent political parties, women's suffrage was established in the newly formed constitutions of Wyoming TerritoryUtahand Washington Territory Anthony, among others, called for a Constitutional amendment to "prohibit the several states from disenfranchising any of their citizens on the ground of sex" in Anthonyattempted several unsuccessful court challenges in the mids.
Three Supreme Court decisions from to rejected this argument, so these groups shifted to advocating for a new constitutional amendment. Sargent, who had met and befriended Anthony on a train ride inwas a dedicated women's suffrage advocate. He had frequently attempted to insert women's suffrage provisions into unrelated bills, but did not formally introduce a constitutional amendment until January Inshe succeeded Susan B.
Gillett signing the constitutional amendment bill Another proposal was brought before the House on January 10, During the previous evening, President Wilson made a strong and widely published appeal to the House to pass the amendment.
It was passed by the required two-thirds of the House, with only one vote to spare.
The 19th Amendment was ratified in after a decades-long woman's suffrage movement. The key part of this amendment is its requirement that every state allow women to vote.
Prior to this, while several states already allowed women to vote, many others did not. The amendment overruled an U. Supreme Court case, Minor v. Happersettwhich had held that the 14th Amendment did not require states to allow women to vote.
The United States Constitution
Sets the beginning and ending dates of executive and congressional terms. The 20th amendment was ratified in Before it took effect, there was no exact date set for when Congress must convene or for the beginning and ending of terms of service. This amendment removed that uncertainty. The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed. The transportation or importation into any State, Territory, or possession of the United States for delivery or use therein of intoxicating liquors, in violation of the laws thereof, is hereby prohibited.
This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by conventions in the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.
This amendment, ratified inrepealed the amendment imposing Prohibition. It invalidated the federal laws banning alcohol and returned to the states the power to set their own alcohol regulations. It is the only amendment that directly repeals another amendment.
No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President more than once.
But this article shall not apply to any person holding the office of President when this article was proposed by the Congress, and shall not prevent any person who may be holding the office of President, or acting as President, during the term within which this article becomes operative from holding the office of President or acting as President during the remainder of such term. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several states within seven years from the date of its submission to the states by the Congress.
Before the adoption of this amendment inthere were no legal restrictions on how many terms a president could serve. Although it was customary to serve no more than twice, several presidents had run for third terms, but none had succeeded. It wasn't until President Franklin Delano Roosevelt was elected to unprecedented third and fourth terms that the 22nd Amendment was proposed and ratified. There have been multiple attempts to repeal this amendment, but none have been passed by Congress.
The District constituting the seat of Government of the United States shall appoint in such manner as the Congress may direct: A number of electors of President and Vice President equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives in Congress to which the District would be entitled if it were a State, but in no event more than the least populous State; they shall be in addition to those appointed by the States, but they shall be considered, for the purposes of the election of President and Vice President, to be electors appointed by a State; and they shall meet in the District and perform such duties as provided by the twelfth article of amendment.
Adopted inthis amendment granted residents of the District of Columbia the right to participate in presidential and vice-presidential elections. Prior to this, only states were allowed to vote for electors to send to the Electoral College.
Inan amendment was proposed that would have repealed the 23rd Amendment and given the District of Columbia full representation in both houses of Congress and the Electoral College.
This amendment was not adopted. The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax. The 24th Amendment, ratified inwas intended to prevent southern states from forcing poor voters to choose between paying an often unaffordable tax and losing their right to vote.
This amendment was necessary due to a U.